What is gum disease?

Stages of Gum Disease

Gum disease is used to describe a condition affecting the tissues that surround our teeth, the severity of the gum disease can depend on several factors. You may notice that something is not quite right with your gums if you experience bleeding after brushing your teeth, if this goes on for a while it is recommended that you see you visit your Dentist as soon as you can, and they will be able to find out what is going on. Bleeding gums is often a sign of inflammation caused by the bacteria present in plaque (the white/yellow stuff that builds up on our teeth). To reduce this inflammation, you will need to regularly remove the plaque from the teeth, including in between the teeth, this can be done with a good toothbrushing technique at least twice a day and interdental cleaning once a day (cleaning between the teeth), mouthwash is not an effective replacement for cleaning in between the teeth.

You may also need a visit to a Dental Hygienist to remove any hard deposits which will allow you to clean properly at home, the Hygienist will also give you tailored instructions on what to use and demonstrate exactly how to use it.

Not all gum disease is curable, but it is always manageable with advice and treatment from your dental team. The type and severity of gum disease is often determined by factors such as family history, medical history, smoking, diet and alcohol.